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Occupations And Crafts

 

Pottery

Pottery is one tradition that has played an important part in our culture and heritage. It was practiced in remote and mountain areas due to the easy availability of clay. The clay came in exotic colors of red, green and yellow. These earthenware pots were mainly used for cooking and transportation of water and household needs.

Al Shasha

Al Shasha’ is the Arabic term for a conventional fishing boat made from palm fronds. The palm fronds are first carefully pulled off from the tree. They are then pruned and stripped of all unnecessary material like the extra wicker and thorns. They are then left to dry out in the sun for some time. Once they are dried, they are immersed in sea water for an entire day to give it elasticity and strength. They are then stacked side by side ready for building the boat. They are first aligned side by side and strong ropes and woven around then in a special tightening technique. The fronds are compacted to plug any open areas that might leak any water, and the sides and bottom are then given structure. The manufacturing of each boat takes about two days when done manually.

Alqarakir

Making the Alqarakir is a traditional practice in the UAE and Arabian Gulf especially in places that are rocky and rich in clay. It is a traditional gadget or tool to help fishermen net the fish; something like a mini fishing net. The best seasons to make it is during March to September when there is plenty of heat from the sun. It is a temporary tool in the sense that it would be used for one or two sessions only since the palm leaves get soaked by the salt water and then are rendered useless by the dampness. The best way to use it would be to lower it in the water by placing a heavy weight in it, like a stone. It would be sunk in the wire with a hook at the other end to pull it out. The smaller version of the Alkarikir is called the Qarkor, and this device has two openings. The first is called "Albabah" through which the fish enter and get snared. The device is conical in shape which makes it easy for the fish to enter but does not allow it to escape easily. The other opening is opposite the first and is always closed. It is opened only to take the trapped fish out. There are generally three types of Qarkor that are popular; ‘Alabyam’ is smaller in size , and Kerkor Al Fardi is medium size whilst the ‘Kerkor Al Doubaya’ is the largest.

Ropes

Ropes are made from palm fiber also known the world over as coir. The fiber of the palm tree comes out in thin strands. This is first soaked in water and dried. They are then taken in bunches and held between the palms of a hand, twisted and rubbed. The random twisting of the strands intertwines the strands into one long strong rope.

Al Burqa 

The ‘Burqa’ is a traditional gown worn by women. It is a textile material that can sometimes be thick like canvas. It is normally black in color or a golden brown. It is used by women to cover their bodies and face in public places. It is normally worn by a woman once she grows into an adult and takes her vows. The ‘Burqa’ starts from the top of the forehead and flows straight down to the feet like a straight gown. The head is also covered and so are the eyes by a contraption made of palm leaves or a think fabric. The covering on the head runs from the top of the forehead to the last of the beginning of the burqa so the head is completely covered with aslit or opening for the eyes. Modern society has different styles and versions of it. The Khad Al Burqa is the piece that covers the face and could be large or small, as per the request of the woman wearing it. Then we have the Chbooj which is threaded on both ends of the burqa from the right and left sides and often made of the hair of goats or sheep's wool. The yarn may be made of plastic and decorated with embroidery or ‘ Zari.

Splinting

An orthopedic is a doctor who fixes up broken bones. He normally follows an ancient practice of fixing broken bones by putting a drug or medication on the joint or broken area and is an expert at his work. The plaster that he uses is a mix of eggs together with Anzrut, and placed on the broken part. The concoction quickly freezes and takes the shape of the broken area and forma a firm plaster around it. It is kept on the injury for different durations depending on the severity of the facture. 

Al Mutawa

This is a teacher who educates you on Quranic practices and teachings. This type of education has been prevalent for a long period of time and is practiced by a large number of the religious people and teachers who are wise and knowledgeable. They have adapted it to teach the Koran, the Hadith, and training in writing, calligraphy and arithmetic. The places of study or classrooms were rooms made of palm fronds and would include boys and girls. The teacher (Al-Mutawa) would do it as a social service and his fees would largely be voluntary. The donations made could range from money to gifts in kind or simple and traditional food. This fee was called Alkhamisyah.

Kharraz

This is the term used for the cobbler or shoemaker. He normally works with leather as his main fabric. The leather is made from the skin of cows or sheep and is obtained from tanneries. The leather is also used for the making of insoles for the shoes or bags or as a covering for drums .

 

Fujairah

Fujairah has witnessed a rapid rate In all respects of economic and social development and especially in the field of tourism under the wise guidance of H.H.Sheikh Hamad Bin Mohammad Al Sharqi, Supreme Council member and ruler of Fujairah. Where to make every effort to develop the resources enjoyed by the emirate, it set out to implement its ambitious development plan to achieve the ideal exploitation of its resources and to extend the base of industrial, commercial, and agricultural production.

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